‘In Flanders Fields’
On May 3, 1915, Lt. Colonel John McCrae sat in the back of an ambulance near Ypres, Belgium and penned the poem that would become the essay of a world war. McCrae hurriedly got down on a scrap of paper his feelings about the death the day before of friend and former student Alexis Helmer.
As he sat, putting word to paper, Sgt. Major Cyril Allinson stopped by the ambulance door and handed a stack of mail to his superior officer. Allinson recalled later standing there, watching McCrae set forth the last passages of the poem.
“His face was very tired but calm as he wrote. He looked around from time to time, his eyes straying to Helmer’s grave,” said Allinson of the incident.
Without a word, McCrae handed the finished poem to Allinson, who later recalled how moved he had been.
“The (Flanders Fields) poem was an exact description of the scene in front of us, both. He used the word blow in that line because the poppies actually were being blown that morning by a gentle east wind. It never occurred to me, at that time, it would ever be published. It seemed to me just an exact description of the scene,” said Allinson.
McCrae spent 17 arduous days tending to the medical needs of fallen comrades during that second battle at Ypres. He was later transferred to Boulogne No.3 General Hospital to oversee medicine. He worked there until his pneumonia-related death on Jan. 28, 1918, at the age of 45.
McCrae was buried with full military honors in Wimereux Cemetery near Boulogne, France. His family home in Guelph is preserved as a museum, and the main street in Wimereux is now named Rue McCrae.
Canadian poet, soldier and physician, McCrae earned his undergraduate and medical degrees at the University of Toronto, where he received the Gold Medal. He worked at Toronto General, Johns Hopkins, Montreal General and the Royal Victoria in Montreal hospitals. He also worked at the Royal Alexandra Hospital for Infectious Diseases and McGill University.
He served in the Boer War in South Africa in 1899-1900 as an artillery subaltern in the Canadian Contingent, was promoted to the rank of major in 1904 and re-enlisted in the First Canadian Contingent soon after the start of World War I.
McCrae was a member of the Royal College of Surgeons and was the first Canadian to be appointed consulting surgeon to the British Army.
He wrote several medical textbooks during his lifetime. His poetry was posthumously gathered into a collection.
The poem, first published in Punch Magazine, went on to honor future generations of servicemen.